From Raven Readings ‘On Runes’ series, by the author of this blog. To watch the YouTube, please view here:

The first thing to know is that I am by no means an expert; merely an enthusiast, seeking to share knowledge and expand on my own. For the experts, I’d refer you to Dr. Jackson Crawford, for a start. Anyway, the runes are based on several known alphabets. These are most notably what are referred to as Elder Futhark (Scandinavia, until about 700 CE),

and the Younger Futhark, prevalent during the Viking Age (790-1100 CE in Scandinavia),

and the Anglo-Saxon or Anglo-Frisian Futhorc, which was prevalent in England from the 5th Century CE to about the 11th century. As I understand it, were I to be using runes to write English words, this would the the closest applicable due to the prevalence of similar sounds being represented by the available runes.

HOWEVER, for runic readings, my preference personally is for the Elder Futhark. The Elder Futhark was sometimes broken down into three sections called Aettir, which practice can be seen exemplified on the Vadstena and Motala bracteates.

Vadstena Bracteate

These two bracteates are thought to have been struck by the same die and were found in Sweden. These bracteates have been dated to 500 AD or so. This Aett breakdown is also seen on the Grumpan bracteate, also found in Sweden, and which dates to about 500-600 AD.

Regardless, they each follow the same breakdown.

However, the Vadstena and Motala bracteates have a further inscription, Tiwaz, uruz, wunjo, ansuz (repeated), which is not understood – but some suggest a connection to magic.

In the next part of the series, we’ll be exploring each of the Aettir, the runes and their meanings, so be sure to follow this blog to get updates!

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